到2035年加州将禁止销售汽油驱动汽车

原标题:到2035年加州将禁止销售汽油驱动汽车

    中国石化新闻网讯 据能源世界网9月24日旧金山报道,加利福尼亚州州长加文·纽瑟姆(Gavin Newsom)周三下令在该州出售的所有乘用车,到2035年应实现零排放,以应对气候变化和烟雾污染的空气。

    根据州长办公室的说法,交通部门造成了加州一半以上的碳污染,而该州的部分地区也受到美国最具毒性的空气的困扰。

    纽瑟姆在一份新闻稿中表示,数十年来,我们一直允许汽车污染我们的孩子和家庭呼吸的空气。我们的汽车不应该让污染变得更严重——制造更多充满烟雾的日子。汽车不应该融化冰川或提高海平面,从而威胁我们珍爱的海滩和海岸线。

    该命令被描述为使该州进一步远离对影响气候变化的化石燃料的依赖的积极努力。

    政府将制定相关法规,要求到2035年本州销售的所有新型乘用车和卡车实现零排放,并在“可行的情况下”到2045年实现所有中型和重型卡车的零排放。

    据州长办公室表示,这一命令不会阻止加州居民购买汽油驱动的汽车或销售二手汽车。其呼吁与私营企业建立伙伴关系,以加快建立电动汽车和氢等无污染燃料加油站的充电网络。

    加州是一个主要的汽车市场,但随着气候变化导致树木和灌木丛变得干枯,毁灭性的野火已经频繁发生。

    今年,遍及加利福尼亚、俄勒冈和华盛顿州的“地狱”大火已经烧毁了超过500万英亩(合200万公顷)的土地,造成数十人死亡,数十万人被迫离开家园。

    总部位于加州的特斯拉周二表示,该公司正在大幅削减电池成本,以加速全球向可再生能源的转变,并可能在三年左右推出一款2.5万美元的自动驾驶汽车。

    郝芬 译自 能源世界网

    原文如下:

    California to ban sale of gasoline-powered cars by 2035

    San Francisco: California Governor Gavin Newsom on Wednesday ordered all passenger vehicles sold in the state to be zero-emission by 2035 to fight climate change and smog-fouled air.

    The transportation sector causes more than half of California's carbon pollution, and parts of the state are vexed by some of the most toxic air in the country, according to the governor's office.

    "For too many decades, we have allowed cars to pollute the air that our children and families breathe," Newsom said in a release.

    "Our cars shouldn't make wildfires worse — and create more days filled with smoky air. Cars shouldn't melt glaciers or raise sea levels threatening our cherished beaches and coastlines."

    The order was described as an aggressive effort to move the state further away from reliance on climate changing fossil fuels.

    Regulations will be developed to mandate that all in-state sales of new passenger cars and trucks be zero-emission by the year 2035, and that all medium- and heavy-duty trucks be emission-free by 2045 "where feasible."

    The order won't prevent California residents from owning gasoline-powered cars or selling used models, according to the governor's office.

    It does call for partnerships with private businesses to speed up creation of charging networks for electric cars and stations for non-polluting fuels such as hydrogen.

    California is a major car market, but devastating wildfires have become frequent occurences as climate change leaves trees and brush tinder-dry.

    Infernos across California, Oregon and Washington states have burned more than five million acres (two million hectares) this year, killed dozens of people and forced hundreds of thousands from their homes.

    California-based Tesla on Tuesday said it is slashing battery costs to speed a global shift to renewable energy, and could have a $25,000 self-driving model available in three years or so.

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